Financial ‘Safety Schools’ Are Difficult to locate
Most public universities are no longer affordable for low-income students, writes Carrie Warick, leaving few financially safe choices for applicants.
When deciding on colleges, students can be told to incorporate a “safety school” to make certain they have been accepted to one or more institution. For low-income students, such as those who receive advising from college access programs like people in the National College Access Network, in addition they need a type that is different of safety school: a financial one to which they are not just accepted but in addition are reasonably sure they are able to afford.
As parents’ concerns about college costs surpass even their worries about having enough money for retirement, whether a reasonable college option exists — particularly for low-income students — is a question that is crucial. To answer it, NCAN designed an affordability measure to see whether a student that is low-income reasonably be prepared to successfully patch together most of the possible sources for funding a four-year degree in today’s public higher education system.
Why, specifically, a degree that is four-year? Since it’s the path that is surest to your middle-income group for low-income students and students of color. And why examine public institutions in particular? Because they were founded to serve all learning students inside their state. Their missions depend on ensuring access. At the minimum, low-income students need an individual college option that is affordable.
But unfortunately, only 25 % of public, four-year residential institutions are affordable for the average first-time, full-time Pell Grant recipient that is doing work in a minimum-wage job. This percentage plummets to approximately 10 % when examining public flagship institutions.
This measure of affordability is detailed in NCAN’s new paper that is white “Shutting Low-Income Students Out of Public Four-Year Higher Education.” It weighs the price of attendance at an institution — plus $300 to pay for emergency expenses — against students’ average total grant aid from federal, state and institutional resources; the institution’s average federal loan amount; the common Pell Grant recipient’s expected family contribution; and an approximation of students’ earnings from part-time work while in school and summer work that is full-time. Combining all of these aid sources — which requires an adept navigation associated with school funding system — still does not allow students to pay for 412 associated with the 551 (75 percent) residential public four-year institutions in the U.S. and Puerto Rico.
This is not at all times the case, and NCAN members are seeing the impact for the shift in the field.
“once I started in this work in 2004, I could confidently say that when we did our jobs right and our students did their work as well, then paying for college wasn’t a barrier to their success,” Traci Kirtley, chief program officer at College Possible, told NCAN. “That’s no longer true today. Regardless if students do everything right, many in 2018 are finding that they still can’t afford to pursue a college degree.”
It is a significant equity issue for our country. It’s also a timely one, as policy makers question whether college is “for everyone” and promote programs that are shorter-term outcomes are usually less beneficial. High-income students seem to be significantly more than four times more likely to complete a degree that is bachelor’s are low-income students — 60 percent versus 14 percent, respectively. Additionally, low-income students are almost two times as likely as his or her high-income peers to obtain a postsecondary certificate or degree that is associate.
Sub-baccalaureate degrees and credentials are valuable, however the concentration of low-income students within these programs is surely an indication that students do not have equitable choices when picking their career paths. Whilst the definition of postsecondary education expands, it is important that low-income students — like their peers that are higher-income wthhold the option to choose their postsecondary and professional paths predicated on skills and interests, not finances alone.
This reality of college affordability ought not to be acceptable to either our federal or state policy makers. It should serve as a wake-up have a peek at this web-site call that policies meant to boost our nation’s higher education system must address all pathways, thereby helping low-income students pursue a four-year degree should they really want one.
Answers to college affordability must address multifaceted issues: the complexity of the system, affordability in the access point to all pathways — particularly the four-year degree — while the debt obligations of these who can manage to enroll in the place that is first. Policy makers and advocates must increase their focus on a plan that is cohesive address college affordability. Without a holistic approach, the share of low-income students completing four-year degrees will remain inequitable because they continue to lack a minumum of one viable, affordable college option.